Top Ten Software Companies

Top Ten Software Companies

Software also known as a program is a set of instructions that guide a computer on what to do. Alternatively, a software or program can be defined as a set of instructions stored in a computer memory for a specific purpose. Virtually all electronic devices have some sort of software installed in them. It is for this reason that they are referred to as computerized devices. Everything that a computer or electronic device does is as a result of the software installed in it. For example, word processing, gaming, internet browsing and spreadsheet amongst other activities done in a computer is as a result of the software installed in it. Software or programs can be classified into two main groups, i.e.:
- Operating System Software.
- Application Software,
Application software enables the computer system to run and examples include Windows, Linux and Mac OS amongst others. Application software on the other hand enables PC users to be able to do their day to day activities on the computer, e.g. surfing, word processing, gaming and desktop publishing. Commonly used application software are Microsoft Word, Adobe Reader and Safari Browser amongst others.
Discussed herein are the world’s top ten software companies:

1. IBM
IBM an acronym for International Business Machines is a Computer Company that was established in the 1880s. Since its inception, IBM has managed to engage in several business ventures involving technologies and for a long time was the US government main provider for various technological services. IBM is known worldwide as the pioneer of the modern computers but, very few recognize it as a software manufacturer. Nonetheless, IBM does engage in software development and has developed some of the most complex platforms used on IBM servers.

2. Microsoft
If there is a software manufacturing company that has humble beginnings then it has to be Microsoft. Microsoft is an American public multinational corporation. It has its main offices in Redmond, Washington in the United States. Microsoft is in the business of developing, manufacturing, licensing and supporting extensive assortments of platforms and services that are related to computers. It has different product divisions that have been tasked to develop solutions for various computing needs. Microsoft was initially established to create and market Basic Interpreters. These are raw programs that required an individual with extensive computing knowledge to understand. Its rise to fame was the MS-DOS program designed for IBM computers. Later on it became a major contender for home computer operating system that was to be followed with its famous office suite.

3. Google
Google is famed as one of the world’s largest search engine. Millions of online users worldwide use the search engine for their basic needs. Just like Microsoft, Google is an all American multinational public corporation that has interests in internet search, online advertising and cloud computing. Other than internet search services, Google also creates several online based services and makes a large chunk of its revenues from advertising using an applications referred to as AdWords and AdSense. Google was created by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while studying for their Ph.D. courses in 1998.

4. Accenture
Accenture is a software development company that was incorporate as a worldwide management consulting and technology outsourcing in the Bermuda, but, was to later be incorporated afresh in the United States. To date, Accenture is the world’s biggest consulting company as well as being a leading player in technology consulting.

5. SAP AG
SAP AG is a software manufacturing company that was incorporated in Germany. It mainly develops and sells enterprise software applications and offers software support for all kinds of businesses worldwide. It headquarters is in Walldorf, Germany. In addition, it has regional offices distributed globally to facilitate some of its international businesses. As an enterprise software developer, it is the biggest in its field globally. In Europe, it is the topmost software developers while the fifth globally. Application programs synonymous with the company are SAP BusinessObjects Software and SAP Enterprise Resource Planning.


6. Hewlett Packard – HP
Hewlett Packard commonly known as HP amongst a majority of computer users is a multinational information technology that has been incorporated in America and has its headquarters in Palo Alto, California. The company has its humble beginning in single car garage in Palo. Its founders are Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard. It is one of the largest information technology company that not only develops software for its products but also manufactures computers, network hardware and printers. HP has its business focused on households and businesses In addition it is involved in online distributions of application program.

7. Yahoo
Yahoo Inc. is a public corporation that has been incorporated in the United States and has its headquarters situated in Sunnyvale, California. It’s main business focus internet. Yahoo Inc. is well famed for search engine, Yahoo! Mail, web portal and advertising amongst others.

8. CA Technologies
CA Technologies that was formerly referred to as CA, Inc. as well as Computer Associates Inc. that was incorporated in the United States and has business interests worldwide. It headquarters is locate in Islandia, New York. The company’s core is safeguarding IT environments and assisting business enterprises as well as corporate organizations to offer better IT services.

9. Oracle Corporation
Oracle Corporation is well known worldwide for its Oracle Database that is popularly used by a majority of corporate organizations as well as medium sized business enterprises. However, the company also develops and sells middle-tier application, customer relationship management (CRM), enterprise resource planning (ERP) as well as supply chain management (SCM).

10. Capgemini
Capgemini is a French Corporation that specializes in IT services. It is well known for its management consulting, professional services and outsourcing services. It has its headquarters in Paris and other regional offices worldwide.

Top Ten Tips To Prevent Hacking

Top Ten Tips To Prevent Hacking

Hacking has been a never ending threat to the online community, which has IT gurus as their master minds. These master minds are high-end intellects, in the field of computers and internet. These people have that extra time and the little devil sitting in their mind, which leads to all the trouble created by them. However tackling this threat can become as simple as that, if you know what has to be done at the right time.
We are here to discuss the top ten tips to prevent hacking, let’s see them one by one.

1. Usage of strong passwords still remains at the top and is that single technique one has to implement to be safe online. The stronger the password, the more safe you are. Stronger passwords are defined by various factors such as, password length, usage of numbers or special characters and usage of upper / lower case letters. It is a fact that with an increase in every character, the combination increases exponentially to break the password.

2. Updating security related patches is a must, to keep the hackers at bay. It is very important for you to get immunized against known attacking methods by using the security patches that are updated by your hosting provider. So, keep an eye for any security related updates and immediately take the necessary action, whenever an update is released. This will make sure you are secured and can have a peace of mind.

3. Securing the “PORTs” is another important way to prevent hacking. Ports are constantly opened and closed to interact with the server. It acts as the gateway for transfers, both in and out of the server. Handling of ports requires highly trained professionals and hackers are no less. So it is very important that any unused ports are properly closed, so that it doesn’t become the opening for the hacker to penetrate in to your system.

4. Avoid the usage of generic user names, like ‘admin’ or ‘administrator’. This would simplify the work of a hacker and might lead to many implications. One should understand that usage of user names is equally important and requires the same attention given to password handling. It is very simple, why give the hacker with an easy option to use rather than a complex one. This would for sure help you prevent hacking, at least by a few more percentage.

5. The next tip is about making sure that the CHMOD file permissions are correct. The CHMOD permissions control the access rights for all the files and folders in your server. The CHMOD settings of a file or folder can be changed using a FTP. So, making sure they are accurate is highly important to prevent any unwanted access. One must also make sure that their current CHMOD settings works with the hosts, as there are cases where the host doesn’t allow ’777′ considering the security reasons.


6. Make sure the data you store is secured by encrypting the same. You can also use MySQL database to store data in a secure way rather than storing them as a simple text file. Hackers tend to sniff your site space for any available data, which can be of any use to them. For example, if you get user’s email id’s and store them as a simple text. It becomes an easy job for the hacker to take that list and use it for malicious activities. So to encrypt and store them is always better and safe.

7. Always make sure to clear the cookies. Cookies can be place where the hackers can get valuable information such as user id, account number etc. Might be only once you used a public computer to do that important transaction, but you might find yourself in trouble because of that. So it is always better to clear the cookies whenever you make use of any public café to do urgent work.

8. Keep away from scams and spam websites, it is always good. Sometimes we tend to extend our search to sites that are popular not in the right way. By doing this not so threatening act, may invite the attention of unwanted customers that can lead to nothing but trouble.

9. Installation of third party scripts in your website should be avoided or, a thorough validation has to be performed before doing so. If you don’t understand the script then you can always seek for advice form community forums like digital-point or site-point. Knowing what they can do will help you understand the need of the scripts.

10. Lastly it is the prevention of comment attacks, a common means of hacking blogs and community sites. The usage of comments can increase the interaction between the author and the reader, so this becomes one of the needed features in blogs. But this can be used to cause trouble by using simple scripts. So, making sure the comments are validated before accepting them can be useful means to keep you off hacking issues.

The above discussed are some of the common tips to prevent hacking. With technology reaching great heights day by day, hackers can come up with more deadly methods to cause trouble. But one shouldn’t forget that the same technology can be used to prevent those techniques and make things secure.

This proves just one thing; technology when used for right cause, can take you great heights but can make you fall, if you try the reverse.

Top 10 Female Leaders Shaping IT World

Top 10 Female Leaders Shaping IT World



Times have changed. Women are increasingly finding top jobs in fortune 500 companies. Many of them are changing the IT world and influencing our future. This article is dedicated to 10 of them that pave the way.

1. Sheryl Sandberg, Facebook
She is the COO of Facebook. She monetizes the largest social networking site and manages Facebook`s sales, marketing and business development, human resources, public policy and communication. WOW!

2. Mitchell Baker, Mozilla
Winifred Mitchell Baker is the Chairperson of the Mozilla Foundation and the former CEO of the same corporation. She was trained as a lawyer and now coordinates business and policy issues for the Mozilla Foundation. She was included in Time Magazine`s list of 100 most influential people in the world in 2005.

3. Meg Whitman, HP
In September of 2011, Hewlett-Packard replaced its CEO with former eBay CEO Meg Whitman. The move came with the company`s bid to garner new leadership. The incumbent, Leo Apotheker was highly criticized for how he handled a major strategy shift in 2011.

4. Sue Gardner, Wikimedia
Gardner is the director of the Wikimedia foundation. She turned the online encyclopedia into the first reference point for all who look for information. She is a Canadian born.

5. Ursula M. Burns, Xerox Corporation
Burns is the Madam Chairman and CEO of Xerox. She is the first African American to head a Fortune 500 company. She was rated the 14th most powerful woman in the world.


6. Patti S. Hart, International Game Technology
Hart has been the CEO of IGT since 2009. She has over 20 years of experience in both telecommunication services and consumer broadband industries. She previously served as CEO of DirectTV Broadband Inc. between 1999 and 2001.

7. Patricia A. House:
She co-founded and is the vice-chairman and senior VP of C3. C3 is a large corporation managing energy and emission management software. She was named as one Fortune`s 50 most powerful women in business in 2000.

8. Virginia Rometty, IBM
This woman is currently the President and CEO of IBM, a position she`s held since January of 2012. She`s been named as one 50 most powerful women in business for 7 consecutive years by Fortune magazine and Entrepreneur of the Year in 2004.

9. Marisa Mayer, Google:
Mayer is the VP of Location and Local Services. She is a powerful force in Google. She has her hands on almost everything Google users see. She also decides what initiatives see the light of day.

10. Carol Bartz, Yahoo
She was the former CEO of Yahoo until she was fired in 2011. She previously worked for 3M until her request to transfer to headquarters was denied. In her two years at Yahoo she worked hard to upend the company. She put a halt to the informal flow of information that was once common.

Top 10 Rock Bands

Top 10 Rock Bands

Rock Bands have defined music history. They have revolutionized the way fans think and look. Many bands have stuck around for 40+ years, having the same spirit they had when they first started. Here are the top 10 rock bands of all time.

1. The Beatles:
Every male in Europe desired to have their hairdo done like the Beatles. The Beatles were an amiable rock band group in the 1960s and 1970s. They are one of the most critically acclaimed groups to ever exist, receiving 7 Grammys and 15 Ivor Novello Awards. Additionally, they have been awarded with 6 diamond and 24 multi-platinum albums amongst others. Popular culture has changed ever since the Beatles. Many artists such as Brian Adams were influenced by the group and its legacy.

2. Rolling Stones:
Who can forget the two best hits: Angie and Paint It Black? Furthermore can anyone guess the origins of Britney Spears’ song “Satisfaction”? The song was a modern rendition of Rolling Stones’ classic tune. The band itself was formed in 1962 by Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Ian Stewart and Brian Jones. In almost 50 years, Rolling Stones has released over 100 singles and over 2 dozen albums. They are still quite popular and are completing world tours. Mick Jagger and Keith Richards still have their groove, even in their 60s. Britney Spears would not use their songs, otherwise.

3. U2:
U2 is an Irish rock band formed in 1976 by Bono, the Edge, Adam Clayton and Larry Mullen Jr. By the mid 1980s, U2 was a top international act. They have won 22 Grammy Awards, more than any other band and are ranked 22 by the Rolling Stones in their list of 100 Greatest Artists of all Time. Outside of their musical careers, U2 completes charity and humanitarian work to combat poverty and AIDS.

4. Pink Floyd:
Formed in 1967, they have sold more than 200 million albums worldwide. They have also won 4 Grammy awards and helped define the progressive rock era. They are most significant for their introduction of fireworks and lights to their stage acts. Their song, “We Don’t Need No Education“ is still popular today, especially amongst rebellious kids.

5. Santana:
Santana still has the touch 42 years later with their recent hits such as “Maria”. They are a Latin rock band which has won 8 Grammy Awards and 3 Latin Grammy Awards. They are currently on tour with Michael Franti and Spearhead. Carlos Santana, the leader, was named No. 15 on Rolling Stones` list of 100 Greatest Guitarists of all Time.

6. The Eagles:
The Eagles is a rock band formed in 1971 in Los Angeles. It is one of the most successful rock bands with 5 No.1 singles, 6 Grammys, 5 American Music Awards and 6 No.1 albums. Their song, Hotel California, is still heard and loved by fans today. Gypsy Kings redid the song and sang it in Spanish with their own twist. The band is still active today. After a 28 year hiatus, they released the album “Long Road out of Eden”.

7. AC/DC:
AC/DC is an Australian rock band, popular in the 1980s and the 1990s. It was formed in 1973 by two brothers: Malcolm and Angus Young. As of 2010, it sold 200 million albums worldwide. Their second highest selling album, Back to Black, sold 40 million units worldwide. In the US, they are 5th best selling band and the 9th best selling artists.

8. Queen:
Queen was a British band formed in 1970s. Their music was influenced by progressive rock. They released 18 no.1 singles and 18 no. 1 albums. They also won 7 Ivor Novello Awards. Their song “Bohemian Rhapsody“ was voted No.1 hit of all time in UK.

9. Aerosmith:
Aerosmith is an American band formed in 1970. It incorporates pop, heavy metal and blues music into their songs. They have sold 150 million albums worldwide and are most recently known for their theme song in the movie Armageddon. They are still together are on tour; 41 years and going strong. All in all they have won 4 Grammy Awards and 10 MTV video awards.

10. Bon Jovi:
Bon Jovi is a hard rock group formed in 1983. They have sold 130 million albums worldwide. Although they have quite a lot of catching up to do to the other 9 bands on the list, they are moving in a positive direction. To date, they have done 2600 concerts in over 50 countries and won several awards in 1987, 1995, 1996 and 2010. Their song “It’s my Life” released in 2000 was No. 1 in a number of countries. It’s been performed in all of Bon Jovi’s concerts since the release.

Top 10 Worst Thanksgiving Dishes


Top 10 Worst Thanksgiving Dishes

When planning thanksgiving try not to add the following dishes. These dishes are not things people would want to eat. Try eating it yourself before serving and you will know what I mean.

1. Ambrosia Salad:
Ambrosia salads include canned fruit, coconut, and mini marshmallows with either mayonnaise or sour cream. Many add Jello or whipped cream on top. The taste is not good, especially with the use of canned fruit.

2. Lima Bean Stew:
This is not a bad dish for those who love beans. Lima Beans are a laxative and will cause guests who eat it to have wild bowel movements.

3. Sweet Potato Casserole:
Marshmallows are for desert mostly. I cannot understand why someone would combine them with Sweet Potato. The taste is absolutely atrocious. The sweet potatoes are already sweet, marshmallows are thus not needed.

4. Tofu turkey:
I cannot imagine why anyone would waste their money on a fake turkey. It beats the whole tradition of having one in the first place. Thanksgiving could be celebrated by vegetarians in other ways.

5. Green Bean Casserole with Canned Onions:
The dish consists of green beans, cream of mushroom soup and canned French fried onions. This should be made with fried onions which should not be canned. The taste would be much different.

6. Canned Cranberry Sauces:
This is like trying to fast forward things and doing things the quick way. Canned cranberry sauces come with preservatives and usually taste differently than homemade. Many are better off serving homemade with real and fresh cranberries.

7. Sliced Deli Turkey Sandwiches:
This is a cheap way and an easy way to make thanksgiving. You will be a laughing stock if you provided this instead of the real turkey. I’ve seen it happen before, outside of television.

8. Dressing with Hard Boiled Eggs:
I cannot imagine this ever. It sounds disgusting, even though its Southern Style.

9. Jello Salad:
Can you really make this kind of salad? My friend had it once and said it was the worst of all dishes. It ruins the whole taste of jello.

10. Pizza:
Many people simply order pizza for thanksgiving. This one time I went to a dinner at my friend’s house and they ordered pizza instead of Turkey. Yummy but not a thanksgivings treat.

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